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Exploring Causes of Swollen Feet

Tuesday, 22 August 2023 00:00

Swollen feet, an uncomfortable and often puzzling issue, can cast a shadow over daily activities. The causes behind this condition can be as diverse as they are unexpected. Prolonged periods of standing or sitting, especially in hot weather, can lead to fluid accumulation in the lower extremities. Pregnancy, with its hormonal shifts and increased pressure on blood vessels, is a common culprit. Health conditions such as heart, kidney, or liver problems can disrupt the body's fluid balance, resulting in swelling. Injuries, infections, and certain medications can also contribute to swelling. Recognizing swollen feet is relatively simple, which is easy to notice as the feet are puffy and tight. Additionally, there can be an indentation in the skin, indicating the feet are swollen. Understanding the underlying triggers empowers individuals to make informed choices, seek medical guidance from a podiatrist, and embrace measures that foster foot health and overall well-being. If you have swollen feet, it is strongly suggested that you speak with a podiatrist who can offer effective treatment methods.

Swollen feet can be a sign of an underlying condition. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Advanced Ankle & Foot Surgeons. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Swollen feet are a common ailment among pregnant women and people who stand or sit for extended periods. Aging may increase the possibility of swollen feet and patients who are obese often notice when their feet are swelling too. There may be medical reasons why swollen feet occur:

  • Phlebitis - A condition that causes the veins to become inflamed and can also cause leg pain.
  • Liver disease - This may lead to low blood levels of albumin which is a protein. This can cause fluid in the blood to pass into the tissues and several areas of the body can become swollen.
  • Heart failure - When the heart doesn’t pump properly the blood that is normally pumped back to the heart can pool in the veins of the legs causing swollen feet.
  • Kidney disease - One of the main functions of the kidneys is releasing excess fluid in the body. This type of condition can make it difficult for the kidneys to function properly, and as a result the feet may become swollen.
  • Deep-vein thrombosis (DVT)- This is a serious condition where blood clots form in the veins of the legs. They can block the return of blood from the legs to the heart which may cause the feet to swell. It is important to be treated by a podiatrist if this condition is present.

Swollen feet can also be caused by bone and tendon conditions, including fractures, arthritis, and tendinitis. Additionally, there may be skin and toenail conditions and an infection may cause the feet to swell. Patients who take medicine to treat high blood pressure may be prone to getting swollen feet. 

Many patients elevate their feet to help relieve the swelling and this is generally a temporary remedy. When a podiatrist is consulted the reason behind the swelling can be uncovered and subsequently treated.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in O'Fallon, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.


 

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