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January 2021

Achilles tendon ruptures happen when the tendon on the back of the ankle is torn. They primarily occur during activities such as tennis and basketball, which involve pushing off of the ground or sprinting. While the Achilles tendon can tear and may be injured at any age, it most commonly occurs in patients who are in their 30s and 40s. Those who have poor flexibility, an inactive lifestyle, or who only occasionally work out are also at risk for ruptures. Ruptures are often indicated by sudden pain, a sense of being kicked in the back of the leg, a “popping” feeling, and weakness in the heel. Patients who have ruptured their Achilles tendon should consult with a podiatrist for treatment options. Surgery may be necessary to fix the tendon, but time, a cast, and physical therapy may also be used as treatment. 

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Advanced Ankle & Foot Surgeons. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Belleville and O'Fallon, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 18 January 2021 00:00

Treatment for Hyperhidrosis

Plantar hyperhidrosis causes excessively sweaty feet. This problem can be embarrassing, and having constantly wet feet may increase your risk of developing certain foot problems, such as blisters or athlete’s foot. Fortunately, there are many treatments available for plantar hyperhidrosis. For mild to moderate cases, using an antiperspirant is recommended. Antiperspirants can come in a variety of forms to help reduce sweating by blocking the pores from which sweat escapes. Another potential treatment is iontophoresis, which can inhibit the overactive sweat glands’ ability to produce sweat. If you have excessively sweaty feet, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist, who can help you find the right treatment for you. 

If you are suffering from hyperhidrosis contact one of our podiatrists of Advanced Ankle & Foot Surgeons. Our doctors can provide the care you need to attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Hyperhidrosis of the Feet

Hyperhidrosis is a rare disorder that can cause people to have excessive sweating of their feet. This can usually occur all on its own without rigorous activity involved. People who suffer from hyperhidrosis may also experience sweaty palms.

Although it is said that sweating is a healthy process meant to cool down the body temperature and to maintain a proper internal temperature, hyperhidrosis may prove to be a huge hindrance on a person’s everyday life.

Plantar hyperhidrosis is considered to be the main form of hyperhidrosis. Secondary hyperhidrosis can refer to sweating that occurs in areas other than the feet or hands and armpits. Often this may be a sign of it being related to another medical condition such as menopause, hyperthyroidism and even Parkinson’s disease.

In order to alleviate this condition, it is important to see your doctor so that they may prescribe the necessary medications so that you can begin to live a normal life again. If this is left untreated, it is said that it will persist throughout an individual’s life.

A last resort approach would be surgery, but it is best to speak with your doctor to find out what may be the best treatment for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Belleville and O'Fallon, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 11 January 2021 00:00

Bones, Ligaments, and the Ankle Joint

Ankle sprains are a common ailment people may experience at one point in their life. Each foot consists of twenty-six bones, and three of these bones are located in the ankle joint. They are connected by numerous ligaments, and if they should become torn or overstretched, it may result in a sprained ankle. Common symptoms of this condition may consist of bruising and swelling, and it is often difficult to move the ankle. The ankle joint becomes unstable, and walking on the affected foot may cause severe pain and discomfort. The healing process often begins with elevating the foot, as this may reduce a portion of the swelling. Relief may be found when the sprained ankle is wrapped with an elastic bandage, which helps to limit mobility and provide the necessary stability as it heals. If you have sprained your ankle, please speak with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who can determine its severity, and guide you toward correct treatment choices.

Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from Advanced Ankle & Foot Surgeons. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Belleville and O'Fallon, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 04 January 2021 00:00

How Uric Acid Causes Gout

Gout is a very painful type of arthritis that causes the joints to become stiff, hot, and tender. Gout is caused by a buildup of uric acid, most commonly in the big toe. Uric acids are produced when consuming high-purine foods such as red meat and alcohol. Too much uric acid can build up into needle-like crystals that inflame the joints. One key to manage this, is staying properly hydrated. It is also important to reduce or eliminate the consumption of alcohol and meat in order to manage gout. Maintaining a proper healthy weight also helps manage the uric acid buildup. Those who frequently experience gout attacks should consult with a podiatrist who can help provide tips for managing the effects of gout.

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Advanced Ankle & Foot Surgeons. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Belleville and O'Fallon, IL . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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